The Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) was established by the government of Sierra Leone with the promulgation of the Anti-Corruption Act 2000 which gave the ACC its legal existence. It was set up primarily to investigate alleged instances of corruption and to prevent corruption practices. The Anti-Corruption Act 2008 repealed and replaced the Anti-Corruption Act 2000 with the aim of strengthening the ACC to most effectively execute its functions and mandates. The new Act gives prosecutorial powers to the ACC, encourages integrity in public life and increases the corrupt offences to make corruption a high risk venture.
The promulgation of the Anti-Corruption Act 2008 and the launching of the revised National Anti -Corruption Strategy (NACS) are manifestations of the national and political will in discouraging corruption so that it would not adversely affect the socio-economic development in Sierra Leone. This is appreciated within the context of the government’s policy of zero tolerance of corruption and attitudinal change. It is a demonstration of government’s commitment to good governance, institutional reforms, and in discouraging corruption (of any kind).
The Commission’s three-pronged approach in the fight against corruption is confrontation, prevention of corruption, and public education for attitudinal change. In order to fulfill these functions, the commission has established three operational departments – Systems and Process Review, Public Education and Outreach and Intelligence, Investigations and Prosecutions. The Commission also has a small department working to ensure the implementation of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy and a Support Services Department.