Public Education and Outreach Department
Section 7(2)(o) of the Anti-Corruption Act (ACA) 2008 mandates the Public Education and Outreach Department “to educate the public on the dangers of corruption and the benefits of its eradication; and to enlist and foster public support in combating corruption;”
The Public Education and Outreach Directorate comprises of two units:
Public Education Unit- This Unit takes the institutional approach in carrying out the function of the department. It targets Public and Educational Institutions, Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies, Non- Governmental Organisations and Civil Society Organisations.
Outreach Unit - This Unit systematically uses the community-based approach to target and reach out to every community in the country. The unit uses the media as mobility multiplier for ACC messages.
Activities of the Public Education and Outreach Department
Public Education Meetings-These meetings target public officials in MDA’s and other institutions to educate them on accountability and best practices for the eradication of grand corruption as well as systemic corruption.
Community Based Programmes- These programmes are geared towards garnering public support in the fight against corruption, changing public perception on corruption and tackling the issue of petty corruption. The Outreach Unit organises community education meetings to create awareness about the work of the Commission as well as the evils of corruption.
Electronic Media- Radio/TV -These programmes educate the pubic about the activities of the Commission and the evils of corruption. The Commission works with thirteen (13) radio stations all over the country and the National Television. All programmes are aired in krio the lingua franca of Sierra Leone. Programmes take the form of jingles, discussions, soap opera, live coverage of events, magazines, documentary, and press releases. These programmes make provision for audience participation through phone-in and texting by mobile phones.
The Print Media- The Department continues to forge link with the electronic media, even though the literacy level is estimated to be about thirty percent. The print media has proved to be an effective channel of communication for public officers, non-governmental organisations and the international community. The Commission works with about 35 Newspapers. It also uses Newspapers to publish reports on meetings, press conferences/briefing, publish press releases/ articles, frequently Ask Questions FAQs and for intelligence gathering as well.
THE EYE- Newsletter-‘Newsletters are produced quarterly, most editions carry information on the work of the Commission as well as thought provoking articles on various aspects of corruption. Hard and electronic copies of the Newsletter are distributed to various institutions and individuals.
Integrity Club- The Department continues to maintain and support 27 integrity clubs in secondary schools through out the country. These clubs are used to mobilise pupils and transform them into formidable agents of change, instill discipline, and cultivate a sense of integrity, accountability and responsibility in them.
Promotional Materials-The Commission produces promotional and educational materials in the form of posters, stickers, fliers, and fact sheets. These materials are distributed countrywide to institutions and individuals. The Commission also uses billboards in projecting its image and conveying anti corruption messages Countrywide.
Music and Drama- community theatre or people’s theatre is one strategy used in public education and outreach campaigns. With support from GTZ, series of radio and TV dramas are being produced and live community performances carried out in local communities.
Court Monitoring and Reporting- The department regularly monitors and reports on proceedings. Information from court proceedings are disseminated via the intranet to all staff and to the public through press releases, notices and the internet.
SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES REVIEW DEPARTMENT
The Systems and processes Review Department was formerly the Prevention Department. Its directorate is made up of three separate interrelated units to carry out its roles, functions, and responsibilities. These are:
Systems and Processes Review Unit- Conducts comprehensive systems review in ministries, departments, and agencies with a view of identifying structural vulnerabilities and develop best practices.
Policy and Ethics Unit-Develops and implements public policies and ethical procedures for government ministries, departments and agencies, and improves input into the formulation and implementation of anti-corruption policies in both private and public sectors for the removal of barriers in private sector growth.
Monitoring and Compliance Unit-This unit monitors systems and processes review recommendation to ensure compliance with standard policies and regulations for effective management of resources.
Section 7 (2)(f,g,h) of the ACA 2008 gives the Systems and Process Review Department of the Anti-Corruption Commission the mandate to examine the practices and procedures of public bodies, advise and assist any person, authority, public body or private sector institution on changes in practices or procedures.
CORE FUNCTIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT
- Provide inputs into the development of anti-corruption policies
- Develop and implements framework for systems and process improvements in MDAs
- Develop and implements frameworks for the removal of barriers to private sector growth
- Develop best practices policy documents on systems and process intervention
- Build advocacy with accountability and public sector reform entities
- Coordinates the preparation and review of national anti-corruption policies and strategy
- Ensure and participates in preparation of code of conduct for all public servants
- Designs and implements framework to manage asset declaration compliance of public servant
Systems and Processes Review Guidelines are the product of a combination of the Commission’s procedures for corruption prevention contained in the Commission’s Standing Orders, knowledge gained in the conduct of systems and process reviews on public sector institutions, resource materials on systems and process reviews of other anti-corruption agencies and internet surfing.
a. Systems and Processes Review Guidelines
An exercise in systems and process review of any MDA may be initiated as a result of:-
* A suggestion or proposal from an Officer of the Commission
* A recommendation arising out of an investigation
* A matter referred from the Report Centre
* A Report from an individual, or a public or private body.
All of these trigger mechanisms fall within three major types of corruption prevention interventions:
a. Reactive Intervention – Reactive Intervention are undertaken by receiving complaints, requests and recommendations for systems and process review that are brought to the attention of the SAPR Department through the approved and appropriate channels. Once this is done, the Director refers the assignment to the Head of Unit who then minutes it to a Specialist or Analyst who shall assign the task to a lead officer taking into cognizance their respective experience and expertise.
b. Review of Legislations, Policies, and Ethical Codes of Conduct – This responsibility falls within the domain of the Policy and Ethics Unit and shall deal with issues of this nature referred to it by the Systems and Processes Unit. It includes the appraisal of draft legislations, policies, and codes of conduct or proposals for new legislation that concern corruption opportunities. Also, it may involve the examination of policies to ascertain their relevance to the present situation or whether they have inherent corruption prevention mechanisms. The review of legislation, policies, and the update of codes of conduct will help to regulate and define standard of behavior in the public service, advice on the suitability of these policies and ethical codes with a view to ensuring that they meet acceptable standards.
c. Proactive intervention – This type of systems and processes review would require the Commission to undertake corruption prevention initiatives in public sector institutions that may emanate from public perception surveys on corruption conducted periodically, or proposals developed by the Department for such interventions.
Pro active intervention may also include the study of procedures followed by MDAs to discover and eliminate corruption opportunities such procedures may present. The study may involve every procedure or process followed by the client institution, or might be confined to one thematic issue depending upon the scope of the exercise.
INTELLIGENCE, INVESTIGATIONS AND PROSECUTION DEPARTMENT
This department comprises three units:
The main function of the department as stated in section 7(1) (b,c,d) of the Anti-Corruption Act 2008 are:
(b.) To investigate instances of alleged or suspected corruption referred to it by any person or authority or which has come to its attention, whether by complaint or otherwise;
(c.) To investigate any matter that, in the opinion of the Commission, raises suspicion that any of the following has occurred or is about to occur-
- Conduct constituting corruption or an economic or related offence;
- Conduct liable to allow, encourage or cause conduct constituting corruption or an economic or related offence; and
(d). To prosecute all offences committed under the Anti-Corruption Act 2008.comprises of investigators, intelligence Officers, legal officers, and prosecutors. All members of this department are graduates or have at least had some previous employment in law enforcement.
The Investigation Unit is structured in such a way as to meet the growing demand of the nation's outcry to eradicate corruption. A Chief of Investigations currently heads the unit. The Investigation unit is divided into operational sub-units. A Senior Investigation Officer (SIO) heads each unit. The SIOs are directly responsible for the supervision and mentoring of their units and they in turn report to the Head of Investigations.
The Intelligence Unit is now under the overall leadership and supervision of the Chief of Intelligence Unit and its work strongly complements the work of the investigators. In accordance with the overall Strategic Plan of the Anti-Corruption Commission, the Intelligence Unit is engaged in gathering high-quality intelligence on persons involved in corruption and providing support towards the operational requirements of the Commission.
The Prosecution Unit provides legal advice and prosecutes the cases of the Commission.
CORE FUNCTIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT
- Provides input into the development of anti-corruption policies
- Develops and implements frameworks for compliance of systems and processes recommendations by ACC to MDAs
- Develops and implements framework for conducting reactive and proactive investigations into corrupt practices
- Prosecutes cases of corruption
- Prepares an annual report on the state of compliance by MDAs
- Builds strategic relations with accountability and public sector reform entities
SUPPORT SERVICES DEPARTMENT
This directorate consists of the following units
- Human Resources
- Information & Technology
The Department provides support to the operational arm of the Commission, through the provision and maintenance of a well-motivated workforce as well as ensuring the efficient management of the Commission’s facilities. It is a consolidation of all central support services at the ACC, which in turn will provide for improved coordination of existing financial, and administration resources and services. It also provides oversight of the Information Technology Unit and manages the Commission’s vehicle fleet.
RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT
- Planning, direction, monitoring and control of the Department’s activities as well as overseeing the development and implementation of its policies and procedures.
- Supervises arrangements for the preparation of the ACC’s annual work plan and related budget estimates and to submit proposals through the Deputy Commissioner for consideration by the ACC Management Board.
- Oversees the development and implementation of the ACC’s HR Strategy and Action Plan and, in conjunction with staff in the HR Unit, to ensure the Commission’s human resource policies, programs and practices fully meet the needs of the organization and those of the staff employed therein.
- Supervises the development and implementation of the ACC’s IT Strategy and, in conjunction with the IT Manager, to ensure the Commission’s computer requirements are fully met and utilized in the most efficient way.
- To ensure the provision of efficient administrative and logistical services to support the operations of other departments in the ACC.
- To develop the organisation’s strategic policies and programmes.
The key tasks of the Support Services Department are categorized as thus :
Human Resources Unit
- Organisational orientation
- Organisational development
- Staff performance
- Salary and benefits administration, evaluation and development
- Discipline grievance and petition
Information Technology Unit
- Systems maintenance (computers, printers, internet etc.)
- Systems up-grading
- User support
- Educates staff on IT policy
- Monitors to ensure IT policy compliance
- Transport and fleet management
- House keeping
- Asset management and stores
- Monitor to ensure IT policy standards
THE COMMISSIONER’S OFFICE
The Commissioner’s office develops strategies for mobilisation of resources for ACC, sets and monitors performance standards for operating departments and unit.
The office of the Deputy Commissioner, Report Centre, the National Anti Corruption Strategy (NACS), and the Professional Standards Office are all under the Commissioner’s office.
CORE FUNCTIONS OF THE UNITS
- National Anti Corruption Strategy (NACS)- The AC Act 2008 mandates the Commissioner, as head of the Commission, to coordinate the implementation of the NACS. The strategy is Sierra Leone’s commitment in the fight against corruption in Sierra Leone. The main objective of the strategy is improved social services and a public service, which is effective in fighting corruption. Its strategic principles are comprehensive approach to reform, zero tolerance for corruption, and use of multiple measures in the fight against corruption, partnership, and adherence to the rule of law.
- Professional Standards Office- Advises and sets professional and ethical standards for staff, educates staff on standards and monitors staff adherence to standards. This unit is also responsible for issuing, receiving, and analysing asset declaration.
- Report Centre-Receives reports from public and prepare summarised version for Committee meetings.
- Internal Auditor-Reviews internal audit system and processes.
Funding for the Commission comes from the Government of Sierra Leone, DFID, GIZ, World Bank, OSIWA, Irish Aid and the UNDP Peace Building Fund