2018
Anti-Corruption Commission, Sierra Leone, we believe in communication, accountability and transparency.

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Third-PNB-Learning-and-Sharing-Meeting-on-Sustainability-Bo-April-2018_2

Pay No Bribe / Resources Publications

The third Pay No Bribe (PNB) partners’ Learning and Sharing meeting was held in Bo on the 17th to 19th April 2018. The purpose of the meeting was to strengthen the sustainability of the PNB programme and strategize on how to improve the sustainability of the programme, so it can continue operating successfully after the implementation period ends in December 2018.

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1. 1 PNB Learning and Sharing Meeting on Sustainability Bo, April 20 18

5. 5 Coffey representat ives comprised t he Deputy Team Leader, the Coffey CSO Coordinator, the Technical Adviser, the Project Support Officer, and the M&E Adviser . The programme was facilitated by the M&E Adviser and the Coffey CSO Coordinator with the support of all members of t he Coffey team. Prior to the Meeting All participants in the Review meeting (ACC and CSOs) were requested in advance to prepare two short (5 minute) presentations. For the first , the Regional ACC and district CSO were asked to meet together and identify a new action to strengthen sustainability that they w ould plan and carry out together over the next 3 months , and then to present this action. For the s econd, each organisation (ACC offices and CSOs) met individually to identify two activities/actions that they were each carrying out (or ha d carried out) that contribute d to sustainability. E ach CSO and each regional ACC office were then asked to briefly present one of the actions. Coffey then prepared an analysis of the actions , which was also presented at the workshop . Each component of the two - day workshop contributed to building a PNB district Sustainability Plan for each district.

19. 19 Annex One: PNB Learning and Shar ing meeting, April 2018

39. 39 Helen Appleton : Mini Perceptions Surveys , introduction

40. 40 Martin Simonsen: Mini perception survey questions

41. 41 Martin Simonsen: introduction to the Judiciary in Kobo Tools

42. 42 Martin Simonsen : putting tablets on public display

38. 38 Annex Four: Other Presentations Martin Simonsen: Importance of Data Int egrity

20. 20 List of Participants : 17 th , 18 th and 19 th April

10. 10 Day Two: Implementing Sustainability The aim of the day’s activities was to add more detail to and finalise a Di strict PNB S ustainability plan for each district. Day Two: Session Twelve: Recap of the previous day The purpose of this session was to refresh PNB partners’ memories of the activities on Day One. Each District Group selected one key element of their District Plan, which was then presented to the members of the other group s. Key Actions presented Actions presented included:

3. 3 Annex Three: Copi es of Flipcharts from all discussions ................................ ................... 26 Annex Four: Other Presentations ................................ ................................ .................... 38 Martin Simonsen: Importance of Data Integrity ................................ ................................ .......... 38 Helen Appleton: Mini Perceptions Surveys, introduction ................................ ............................ 39 Martin Simonsen: Mini perception survey questions ................................ ................................ .. 40 Martin Simonsen: introduction to the Judiciary in Kobo Tools ................................ .................... 41 Martin Simonsen: putting tablets on public display ................................ ................................ .... 42 Table of Figures Figure 1: Overall analysis of sustainability actions ................................ ................................ .... 6 Figure 2: Sustainability challenges highlighted by PNB partners ................................ .............. 7 Figure 3: SOP for MDA Engagement, HQ to District ................................ ................................ .. 9

25. 25 Annex Two : PNB Partners’ views of the Sharing and Learning Meeting April 2018 PNB partners were asked to place different coloured stickers against th re e di fferent elements of the meeting District Sustainability Plans process; the venue and food, and Coffey’s management. The overall satisfaction is below. The table below indicates that all participants were satisfied or somewhat satisfied with the District Sustainability Plans process and all but one were satisfied with Coffey’s management of the workshop. T here were more mixed responses to the venue and the food. Good/positive Not so good/negative

13. 13  Search for Common Ground (SFCG) produced 5 episodes of soap operas integrating PNB messages, and an MoU has been signed for the integration of a PNB character line into the dramas.  A 15 - min soap has been produced by SFCG but not yet put to use  Roadshows with the ACC Commissioner were carried out in Makeni , Kenema and Kono. A participatory theatre script had been approved but wasn’t used.  Story - telling with the Cowfoot Prince proved too expensive, but the ‘Message of the Month’ strategy was used for two months. Patrick highlighted the opportunities presen ted by having a determined ACC leadership, willing public, regional offices, financial resource and relatively capacitated and committed human resources. However , he also pointed out there are still skills gaps among the staff (especially in relation to writing skills) , that there was a need to strengthen the existing relationship with the Comms/PR wings of local/district councils, and that financial resources are slow to come through. He emphasis ed expediting the training of staff in necessary skills areas , providing mentorship to staff , facilitating meetings with Restless Development and SABI, and smoothing the approval process. There was a lively discussion af ter the presentation: some CSO partners were critical of the weak decentralisation of communications activities and continuing shortages of some products . In response, Patrick highlighted the importance of localising endorsements so that district personal ities endorse messages at district level . He stated that it was his wish to cascade the funding to district level but that slow approvals and procurement meant that funds were sometimes limited. Patrick, and CSO partners, all emphasised the use of local la nguages. Session Sixteen : t raining for journalists Whitsun presented the training for journalists that is being planned. Fifteen journalists will be offered training in investigative techniques, comprising the five existing embedded radio journalists; fi ve nominated by ACC and five by the Sierra Leone Association of Journalists (SLAJ). Training will start in May and trainees will be mentored and encouraged to write articles and/or produce content for radio. Session Seventeen : addressing communications an d data needs The purpose of this session was to maximise c omm unication s opportunities in each district . Participants broke up into District groups and updated their District Sustainability Plans in relation to communications and outreach activities. Session Eighteen : extending beyond the district, Hub and Spoke activities The purpose of this session was to identify activities to maximise the impact of Hub and Spokes work over the next six months, to share and learn lessons and to identify actions beyo nd Dec ember 20 18

9. 9 Figure 3 : SOP for MDA Engag e ment , HQ to District This was followed by a plenary discussion where issues relating to MDAs and their engagement with PNB were debated. Key themes : MDA engag e ment :  Includ e the Accountability Forum in the ACC budget so that MDAs are publicly accountable to citizens on a regular basis .  Encourag e HQ IMCs to work more closely with regional IMCs  Make funding available for regional TWGs and work to strengthen their impact and usefulness.  MDAs to view A ccountability F orums channel s for them to report to the public, not the ACC. Crucial to ensure that AFs remain an ongoing activity post 2018  ACC recognises the usefulness of both TWGs and Accountability Forums but notes the budgetary implications of including th em as regular activities. The ACC is hopeful that some provision will be made to keep TWGs and AFs alive On the basis of discussions, District partners t hen returned to their groups to update their plans. A C C f i n a l i s e m o n t h l y M D A r e p o r t . H Q s u b m i t s t o I M C H Q a n d R e g i o n a l M a n a g e r s . R e g i o n a l M a n a g e r s i m m e d i a t e l y s h a r e w i t h D i s t r i c t l e v e l I M C I M C s i n H Q m e e t s t o d i s c u s s r e p o r t a n d s e n d o u t r e q u e s t t o r e s p o n s i s b l e d e p a r t m e n t s o r o f f i c e s L o c a l l e v e l I M C m e e t t o d i s c u s s r e p o r t a n d i d e n t i f y p r e l i m i n a r y r e s p o n s e s I M C H Q r e c i e v e s r e s p o n s e s a n d m e e t s t o f i n a l i s e c o l l a t e d r e s p o n s e 5 t h o f e v e r y m o n t h D e p a r t m e n t s w i t h i n M D A d r a f t r e s p o n s e s a n d s u b m i t s t o I M C H Q A C C h o l d ” R e g i o n a l T e c h n i c a l W G m e e t i n g ” w i t h a l l I M C s , D i s t r i c t C o u n c i l s a n d C S O s t o d i s c u s s R e s p o n s e s . A C C t o m i n u t e a n d s h a r e w i t h L o c a l I M C a n d A C C H Q . 5 - 1 0 t h o f e v e r y m o n t h 1 0 - 1 5 t h o f e v e r y m o n t h 2 0 t h o f e v e r y m o n t h A C C r e c e i v e s r e s p o n s e a n d s e n d s t o R e g i o n a l M a n a g e r s a n d C S O ’ s 2 5 t h o f e v e r y m o n t h C S O a n d A C C h o l d A c c o u n t a b i l i t y F o r u m s w i t h t h e M D A ’ s d i s c u s s i n g p r o m i s s e d r e s p o n s e s a n d a c t i o n s t a k e n S O P B a s e d o n p r e m i l i n a r y m e e t i n g a n d t h e W G m e e t i n g e a c h d i s t r i c t l e v e l I M C s e n d r e s p o n s e s a n d a c t i o n t o I M C H Q F r e e t o w n p r o c e s s D i s t r i c t p r o c e s s

8. 8  P rioritis ing the develop ment of strong linkages with radio stations for dissemination of PNB messages.  H olding regular TWG and Accountability Forum meetings with follow up .  Focusing strongly on joint outreach over the next few months, and on the 515 phone number. After questions and discussion, groups met again in their districts and transferre d their ideas to their District sustainability plan templates. Day One, Sessions Six, Seven and Eight: partners for sustainability The Purpose of Session Six (discuss actual/potential partners and their roles) was to strengthen linkages with existing partners and generate ideas for new ones The Purpose of Session Seven (present two key actions for engaging new partners) was to stimulate ideas fo r new partners and different ways of engaging with them. The Purpose of Session Eight (working by district on the sustainability plans) was to add new partners to the plan outlines based on ideas and discussion from plenary. Participants were also asked t o identify two actions that they would carry out during week beginning 23 rd April. There was much lively discussion about potential and actual partners. Key Themes : Partners  Importance of District Councils and traditional authorities/chiefdom structures. Chiefs can promote PNB in their different areas. It was suggested that it could be helpful to invite one or two District Council officials from each district to the next Learning and Sharing meeting.  Importance of religious authorities and inter - religiou s councils, who can promote PNB messages during sermons and Friday prayers.  Importance of influential pressure groups, such as the okada (motor bike) riders and market women in urban areas.  Need to strengthen activities with the media Some PNB partners a re already engaging with some of these partners, but all recognised the need to strengthen their interactions and obtain clear buy - in to working with PNB. After lively discussion, participants returned to their District working groups to update their sus tainability plans. During the break after this session, one member of each group was requested to stay at the table with the draft plan while others visited other districts to learn more about other’s i deas . Day One, Sessions Nine, Ten and Eleven: building the MDAs The purpose of Session s Nine , Ten and Eleven was to identify actions to strengthen and maintain MDA improvements after December 2018, to share ideas and to update District Sustainability Plans accordingly. Edita and Martin presented the SOP governing MDA and IMC engagement between HQs and the District offices.

18. 18 for blind or partially sighted people  Use of jingles and songs  Radio drama  IEC materials in Braille For people with physical disabilities  Choosing disability friendly venues  Establish ing MOUs with leadership structures or unions Day Three, Session Three: introduction to the Judiciary on Ko bo Tools Martin gave a short presentation on how questions about the judiciary would be handled on Kobo Tools . 7 The judiciary is a separate component and will not be integrated with the rest of the questions. Day Three, Session Four: piloting tablets fo r public use Martin described how the use of tablet computers in public places was to be piloted , in order to enable citizens to report and to sensitise the public to the PNB programme. 8 They will be protected by a steel cage to prevent theft and reduce tampering , and will be permanently connected to a power socket in the wall . Next to the tablets posters and information on PNB and information from the anti - corruption commission can be displayed (Information stand) Participants discussed where best to l ocate the tablets – a bank, district offices and/or the ACC were some ideas – and which districts would pilot the tablets. Makeni, Bo and Kenema were finally selected. The tablets will be rolled out over the next month. 7 Slides are in Annex 4. A one - day detailed training session on the revised version of Kobo tools took place on Friday 20 th April, for all Bo and Kenema animators and the two CSO coordinators 8 Slides are in Annex 4

17. 17 Helen explained that t he surveys will focus principally on behaviour changes among citizens (in refusing to pay bribe s) and among service delivery officials (in ceasing to ask for bribes) 5 . Each CSO will select their 15 strongest animators, who will be trained to administer the survey to 25 people each. There will be 3 rounds of surveys in May, July and October. Martin explained how the questions would be framed in Kobo Tools , focusing on Health, Education and Police sectors. An additional question will ask if the citizen feels that the government is more likely to act on bribery than a year ago. 6 Day Three, Session Tw o: improving access for Persons with Disabilities The aim of this session was to improve access to the PNB for persons with disabilities. The PNB is not a disability programme per se but we are required to ensure that we make it as straightforward as poss ible for disabled groups to attend meetings, to understand content and to re port. One way of ensuring that people with disabilities are included in meetings is to inform al l relevant organisations about upcoming meetings. Support g roups can often arra n ge transport, physical help (for those who have physical challenges) and signage (in the case of those with partial or complete hearing loss). Many people with disabilities are entitled to free health care, so it is important that they understand what PNB i s trying to do and how they can benefit. The PNB programme will collect data on people with disabilities in reporting in the rollout of the modified Kobo Tools. Districts reported on the types of disability that they have in their areas, and how they wil l address improving access. Highlights of these are reported below: Forms of Disability: all districts reported the presence of four main groups of people with disabilities:  War Wounded and Amputees  Blind  Polio Victims  Deaf or partial hearing In relat ion to being able to communicate with different groups, districts highlighted the use of: for those with complete or partial hearing loss  Sign Language ,  Use of cartoons  Use of visual IEC materials  Video clips 5 Slides are in Annex 4 6 Slides are in Annex 4

4. 4 Intro duction The third P ay N o B ribe (PNB) partners’ Learning and Sharing meeting was held in Bo at the Bo Pa s t o r al Centre on the 17 th and 18 th April, 2018 . An additional se ssion took place during the morning of the 19 th Apri l : this included  introduction to the mini - perception surveys  identification of ideas for improving access to PNB for persons with disabilities;  introduction to the Judiciary on Pay No Bribe Kobo Tools ; and  d iscussion of pilot of tablets in Bo and Makeni Purpose and Outputs The Purpose of the meeting was to bring members of the Anti - Corruption Commission’s national and regional offices together with CSO representatives to identify the key elements relating to the sustainability of the Pay No Bribe programme and build on the findings to maximise sustainability over the remaining six months of DFID funding. The meeting wa s organised around building the sustainability of PNB programme activities . Participants prepare d short presentations in advance and s ubsequent sessions generate d ideas around strengthen the sustainability of the PNB, and to develop district level sustainability plans to guide activities until December 2018 and beyond . The Outputs of the sharing meeting were :  Outline District Sustainability Plans developed and ag reed for each core district , encompassing: - Actions to strengthen sustainability identified for i) CSOs; ii) ACC; and iii) CSOs and ACC working together. - Ideas to maximise outreach and reporting: e.g. animation, PE/IEC materials, case studies, blogs, soci al media posts. - Ideas to maximise media coverage and impact for the remainder of the programme. - Ideas to maximise MDA involvement, accountability and responsiveness  Additionally, a discussion took place on Thursday 19 th to generate ideas about improving a ccess of P ersons w ith Disabilities (PWDs) to the PNB programme Participants A total of up to 31 people participated in the 2 .5 - day workshop. O fficials from the Anti - Corruption Commission’s (ACC) national headquarters with responsibilities for M inistries, D epartments and A gencie s (MDAs) , Public Education (PE) and Monitoring and Compliance . ACC P ublic Education officials f rom the Bo, Bombali and Kenema ACC regional offices also attended, along with representatives from Kono . The PNB CSO coordinator and t wo animator representatives f rom each of the five PNB core districts attended . These were : Campaign for Good Governance (CGG , responsible for Western Area Rural and Urban ); Centre for Accountability and Rule of Law (CARL , responsible for Bo ); Mankind Activities Development Accreditation Movement ( MADAM , responsible for Bombali ) and the Network Movement for Justice and Development (NMJD , responsible for Kenema and Kono ) . The five e mbedded PNB radio journalists attended for Day Two.

16. 16 Day Two, Session 24: finalising the plans The purpose of this session was to finalise District Sust ainability Plans by completing implementation responsibilities and dates. PNB partners went back to their District groups to complete this task. They took photos of their plans, and the flipcharts were taken back to Freetown to be written up as Word file s. Conclusions of the Meeting and Implementation of the Plans Clear action s were identified by PNB partners in relation to sustainability and a timeline for implementation. Actions include:  Strengthening of collaboration and synergies including with non - PNB partners with similar aims and objectives.  Shifting PNB reporting focus from app to 515 phone number for sustainability  Strengthening of communications and outreach activities building collaboration with radio, press and other media to engage diffe rent groups of citizens.  Strengthened circulation and publication of success stories.  Exploration of existing ACC and CSO budgets to see where PNB activities can be funded in future.  Integration of activities into the programmes of others.  Strengthening approaches to MDAs and IMCs. These actions will be monitored regularly by Coffey over the remaining months of the PNB programme. Day Three : Further Issues As noted above, a further half day was added to the meeting in order to address iss ues outstanding from the Annual Review and from Kobo Tools. These were:  introduction to the mini - perception surveys  identification of ideas for improving access to PNB for persons with disabilities;  introduction to the Judiciary on Pay No Bribe Kobo Tools ; and  d iscussion of pilot of tablets in Bo and Makeni Day Three, Session One : mini perceptions surveys Helen Appleton and Martin Simonsen gave a presentation about the mini perceptions surveys which will be carried out between May and October 2018 . The surveys are designe d to provide additional qualitative information to feed into the Programme Completion Review in November 2018.

14. 14 Groups discussed their Hub and Spokes activities to date and each group then presented three points in plenary: what has gone well; what has not worked so well and one post - December 2018 action. Hub and Spoke successes and challenges A mong things that had gone well, districts highlighted  Successful engagements with MDAs in some ‘spoke’ districts  Widespread interest from members of the public  Engagement s with chiefs, r eligious Leaders, teachers, p olice, other CSOs, schools, health worke rs and y outh group s.  Engagements with District Council leadership (District Chairperson and Chief Administrator). In all cases there was increased reporting from the spoke districts after the outreach had taken place. Among the challenges to Hub and Spoke work, PNB partners highlighted:  Limited time to carry out all the planned activities.  Geography: the size of some districts (e.g. Koinadugu) means that covering the whole district is difficult  In some cases, MDAs were unwilling to participate in radi o programmes . Post December 2018 actions included:  Increasing the use of radio programmes in spoke districts  Sensitising the public through the use of IEC materials.  Working with rulers and faith - based organisations who can continue to disseminate messages. Session Nineteen: updating the plans to include Hub and Spoke activities The purpose of this session was to include actions in the District Sustainability Plans t hat will continue to spread PNB messages up to and beyond December 2018 Participants broke up into District groups and updated their District Sustainability Plans in relation to Hub and Spoke activities. Session s Twenty and Twenty - One : the challenges and how to address The purpose of these sessions was to ensure that challenges are brought out in the open and to identify ideas for addressing them , and to ensure that challenges and mitigating actions are factored into district sustainability plans. The se ssion began with a plenary discussion where a number of questions were raised in relation to the sustainability of the PNB. Key points were :  Commitment of PNB partners after December 2018?  Commitment of MDAs after December 2018?

12. 12  There are still c omplaints by citizens that they don’t see any changes in the behaviour of service offi cials , despite submitting reports:  Citizens want to see more investigations and sanctions, and they want to know how reports are used.  Citizens’ confidence in PNB systems needs to be built.  There appear to be particularly high lev els of police corruption in Koinadugu Moi spoke briefly on the importance of animators sharing with citizens the information that they have in relation to success stories and improvements in the behaviour of service delivery officials. Animators have thes e stories , but many citizens are still saying that they don’t know about improvements: t here are, for example, cases of clinics and schools posting notices of free services, even when the national MDA has not issued a formal Service Charter. Moi emphasised the importance of CSO Coordinators sharing messages and success stories with all animators, and animators sharing the information onwards to citizens. Further discussion in plenary underlined the points made above , particularly that citizens don’t always feel confident about reporting and are still worried about whether or not reporting is anonymous. Day Two: Sessions Fifteen : strengthening communications and the media The purpose of these sessions was to broaden the discussion of outreach t hrough improved communications, especially at district level. The session focused on what had been achieved in the areas of communications, Public Education and Outreach. Patrick Sandi ( Deputy Director , Public Education and Outreach, ACC ), introduced the session with an update on the Communications Operations Plan (December 2017 - March 2018) . He made the following points:  A new Operations Plan is required for April to December: it will focus on increasing reporting.  The election p eriod has been very disru ptive in terms of outreach engagement – the media and many citizens have been more focused on election activities than on PNB activities.  A 60 - secon d jingle has been produced and broadcast nationwide from March 2018 ; and a PNB theme tune/song has been produced and is being played/popularized nationwide through radio stations. 4  A total of 106 mixed format panel discussions were aired between Nov 17 and Mar 18 , and 5 endorsements from well - known people were obtained and broad cast through social media .  Banners have been distributed and billboards erected (although stickers have yet to be affixed) , along with wristbands, stickers and other materials  There have been a number of radio products  A 15 min radio drama has been produced and aired nationwide ; 4 PNB partners resolved to learn the song

15. 15  How to manage the future relationship with radio stations with regards to PNB?  How to sustain ACC – CSO relationship ?  How to manage the integration of PNB with other activities ?  Whom to contact in the case of a problem with 515 line?  Will the Call Centre continue? Recommendations were also made by some partners:  MDAs should include PNB activities in their future budgets  The ACC should fund some PNB activities post December 2018  People should try to source funds from other donor partners for PNB program Participan ts then returned to their District groups to ensure that responses to challenges were factored into their plans . Day Two, Session Twenty - Two: looking at the plans The District groups displayed their District PNB Sustainability Plans, and participants wal ked around to read and ask questions. Day Two, Session Twenty - Three: What Happens Next The purpose of this session was to begin the process of implementation. Each group presented one action that they would carry out during week beginning 23 rd April , which were as follows . Actions for week beginning 23 rd April Bo District  Hold a j oint meeting with new partners especially SABI, Traditional Authorities and Council to discuss sustainability plans . Date: 24/4/2018 K enema District  Participate in a CSO platform to initiate the process of identifying critical partners . Date: 24/4/2018 Kono District Conduct a Hub and Spoke outreach visit to Falaba . Date: 30/4/2018 Bombali District  Hold a meeting to m ap out how to engage and strengthen new partners . Date: 25/4/2018 Western Area Hold a m eeting with the executive of inter - religious council to integrate PNB messaging in their sermon s . Date: 25/4/2018

11. 11  Strong focus on new partners  Strong focus on integrating PNB messaging into like - minded institutions  Focusing on capacity building of IMCs  Focusing on joint targeting of MDAs and strengthening their responses Day Two : Sessions Thirteen and Fourteen: improving the integrity of data collection The purpose of these session s was to strengthen the quality of PNB data. Martin gave a presentation 3 highlighting the reasons why accurate data collection is critical for PNB, w hat it demonstrates and how it can be improved. He briefly introduced the revised Kobo Tools app, which is designed to reduce errors by:  simplifying reporting  capturing bas i c data automatically (date, username)  f ocus ing on the data that is needed  capturing data for the Logframe and maintain ing data that is useful for Coordinators  embedding automatic calculations and confirmations P oints on integrity of data collection :  A ccurate data collection helps PNB partners to ch eck/verify what they are doing, and to identify what is going well and what not so well.  T he data collected demonstrates how events like Christmas and elections affect animator data collection and citizens’ willingness to report.  In order to facilitate more reports, the Call Centre hours hav e been extended from 8am to 8pm on weekdays, and from 9am to 1pm on Saturday.  In order to gain an idea about how many citizens are reporting for themselves, PNB data specialists have imposed a ‘no facilitation’ policy from March until the end of April . The revised version of Kobo Tools will be rolled out to animators before the beginning of May.  The revised Kobo tools questions have been harmonised with ACC data collection so that reports can be accurately collate d . Whitsun then shared information from rec ent monitoring visits and asked animators for their feedback : Animator Feedback on data  The critical importance of animators promoting the 515 number , particularly as citizens would rather not engage directly with the app.  Many citizens feel that the call centre process takes too long , however, and there are too many questions.  Use of local languages is important.  There has been confusion among animators over the difference between teaching people to report themselves and sharin g information about PNB, Service Charters and reporting.  It is the responsibility of CSO Coordinators to ensure that animators are reporting accurately. 3 See Annex 4

33. 33 PLENARY DISCUSSION ACC should have localized some of their activities Too many bureaucracies at the ACC Devolve some functions to the regions What strategies are there to localized endorsement messages in local languages? Not enough IEC materials Are there possibilities to use script and drama RESPONSES FROM PATRICK SANDI ACC cannot meet to the demand of IEC materials due to lack of funds We will try to localize PNB messages in LOCAL LANGUAGES Cascading of funding _________________________________________________________________ ____________________ Session Sixteen: Strengthening Media Outputs on Corruption Day Two PLENARY CSOs received IEC materials from Coffey International Coffey have procured Billboards and plans are underway to install them in Districts We were not able to procure t - shirts Embedded radio format is very key We are organizing a five - day training for radio journalists where fifteen (15) will benefit from it. The training will be conducted by renowned Journalists on investigative Journalism Most articles are written by some ACC staff Media Alliance Against Corruption has been formed by ACC ____________________________________________________________________________________ Session Eighteen: Hub and Spoke Day Two District: Kenema SUCCESSES The very idea (taking PNB out of the hub) went well. Example. Stakeholders acceptance and cooperation Public Interest in and acceptance of the PNB process was manifested (Referenced number of reports received at the call center) First Hand Experience with prevailing circumstances of MDAs On the spot assessment of agreed action points by MDAs via Sierra Leone Police check points CHALLENGES The timing of the radio program was too odd thus less response IEC materials insufficient Public expectation – the cor rupt must be arrested Reporting requirements cannot be achieved because of quality of handsets POST DECEMBER 2018 Improve on the timing for radio program Continue to manage public expectation through sensitisation Increase IEC materials OPPORTUNITIES Public desire to fight corruption, establish partnership, existence of local structures in MDAs to promote accountability etc Session Eighteen: Hub and Spoke Day Two District: Bombali

34. 34 SUCCESSES Customized meetings targeting specific MDAs successfully held Radio programs have been very successful by the level of participation of the public Interaction with the public have helped us to gauge public perception on the PNB It has helped to boost reports from other district CHALLENGES No feedback on reports generated from the public Inadequate participation of some MDAs and stakeholders on radio programs OPPORTUNITIES Willingness and Acceptability of the PNB Competent Teams ACC/CSOs Funding for the next Six months THREATS Limited time of engagement with publi c PNB reports after the Hub & Spoke are not specifically identified to gauge public participation Under funded Session Eighteen: Hub and Spoke Day Two District: Kono SUCCESSES Targeted over one thousand people Involved critical stakeholders from all sectors including schools through ‘meet the schools campaign’ (nine hundred pupils), Chiefs, Religious Leaders, Teachers, Police, CSOs, Health Workers and Youths. Key presentation by stakeholders, ACC and CSOs Posters were distributed and questions asked T wo separate campaigns were held in two schools in Masingbi CHALLENGES Lots of people get to know about PNB and ACC for the first time Extension of the program to other parts of Koinadugu OPPORTUNITIES Participants understood the PNB Session Eighteen: Hub and Spoke Day Two District: Bo SUCCESSES Acceptance of the PNB by MDAs representatives (District Medical Officer, Local Unit Commander, School Principals etc). CHALLENGES Limited days/timing affecting number of people reached POST DECEMBER 2018 Strong and effective engagement wi th traditional rulers and faith - based organis ation Session Eighteen: Hub and Spoke Day Two District: Freetown SUCCESSES The visit was a source of motivation for an on - the spot reporting There was massive awareness raising on t he PNB during this visit The District leadership buying the PNB campaign (District Chairperson and Chief Administrator).

32. 32 Local Councils Faith Based Organizations Traditional Rulers Other CSOs ACC and Pilot MDAs Roles of Potential Partners: Mainstream PNB into their Annual Activity Plan Religious Organizations to include PNB into daily/Regular sermons Traditional Rulers to localize PNB Campaign in their respective communities Key Actions for Next Week: ACC to invite both new and old partners to a meeting to discuss the sustainability appr oach Conduct joint ACC/CSO partners radio program ________________________________________________________________________________ Session Nine & Ten: MDAs Response on Sustainability Day One District: Kono Engage Chief Administrator and his Finance Offic er on the dangers of losing revenue Strengthen Partnership with specific MDAs Tend to hold regular engagement with CSO – ensure we maintain PNB inclusive workplan Kenema Open up Accountability Forum for Media &CSOs to ask questions to MDAs Bombali Account ability Forum needs to be sustainable so it ensures MDAs are accountable to the Public rather than the ACC How will impact of Accountability Forum Sustained? Incorporate PNB activities into ACC’s Plans and Budget ___________________________________________________________________________________ Session Thirteen & Fourteen: Improving Data Integrity Day Two PLENARY DISCUSSION People are not confident to report in public Lack of trust in anonymity Lack of visible responses (go back to community with actions from accountability forum) Call center server is poor  IVR is too long  call center agents do not react well when many calls are made Direct/Immediate Responses __________________________________________________ ___________________________________ Session Fifteen; COMMUNICATIONS/PUBLIC EDUCATION/MEDIA/IEC Day Two Delivered by: Patrick Sandi - ACC Ops plan only valid to March 2018 (then April – December) Communications are central to PNB Success Plan focuses on incre asing reporting Elections was a huge challenge Soap opera has not been broadcasted yet but plans are underway to broadcast it Outreach engage was cut down due to the electioneering period Effective coordination of radio programme

35. 35 CHALLENGES Time constraint – not enough time to reach out to everyone LIMITATION Engagement with MDAs was constrained due to poor co - o rdination and the impromptu nature of the visit OPPORTUNITIES The presence of ACC district Coordinator was an opportunity that aided in facilitating our movement _____________________________________________________________________________________ Session Twenty: Challenges to Sustainability and Ideas on how to address Day Two PLENARY DISCUSSION CHALLENGES How to sustain ACC – CSO relationship How can we continue to maintain animators? How committed will CSO be after the project duration Commitment o f MDAs in Post 2018 Commitment level of CSOs What is the relationship with radio station managers in regards the PNB? How do we integrate PNB in our normal activities? Who to contact in case there is a problem with 515 line? What is the exit strategy of the project? How do we continue to hold service providers Accountable in Post Project Duration? Sustainability of the call center is also vital Scope of the PNB RECOMMENDATIONS MDAs to include in their budget for PNB activities The ACC is prepared to tak e up the project in post December 2018 We can still source funds from other donor partners for PNB program – Patrick Sandi ACC _____________________________________________________________________________________ Session Twenty - Three: What Happens Next Day Two PLENARY Kenema District: Participating in CSO platform to initiate the process of identifying critical partners Date: 24/4/2018 Kono District: Conduct Hub and Spoke in Falaba Date: 30/4/2018 Bo District: Joint meeting with new partners especially SABI, Traditional Authorities and Council to discuss sustainability plans Date: 24/4/2018 Bombali District: Map out how to engage and strengthen new partners Date: 25/4/2018 Freetown: Meeting with the executive of inter - religious council to integrate PN B messaging in their sermon Date: 25/4/2018

37. 37 Sign language Social media Activities: Special invitation to outreach engagement Partner with them for radio and tv program Identify and utilize sign language experts at our engagements Use disability friendly venues/facilities Establish MOUs with their leadership structures Session on Forms of Disability and Communication Strategies Day Thre e District: Western Area Forms of Disability Visually Impaired Physically Challenged/Polio Deaf and Dumb Amputees Communication Strategies Radio discussions IEC Materials Jingles Sign Languages Types of Activities Focus Group Discussions Customized Meetings Outreach Meetings Targeting the Disability Commission/Union Session on the Forms of Disability and Communication Strategies Day Three District: Bo Forms of Disability Visually Impaired Polio Deaf and Dumb Amputees Communication Tools Radio, Pho nes Internet Television IEC Materials Sign language (Audio and visual video) Activities Meeting Radio Programs Meeting trainings, Workshops, Radio Programs Road shows

36. 36 _____________________________________________________________________________________ Session on Disability and Strategies to Communicate Day Three, 19/04/2018 District: Kono Forms of Disability: War Wounded and Amputees Blind Polio Victims Deaf and Dumb Communication Strategies: The use of their local languages The use of IEC materials (posters, stickers, wall bills, banners) Radio Drama Cartoons Sign Language Session on Disability and Strategies to Communicate Day Three District: Bombali Forms of Disability Polio Persons Amputee/War Wounded Deaf and Dumb Blind Communication Tools IEC Materials Video clips for deaf and dumb PNB jingles and songs Use of sign language Local dialect communication Activities Drama/Role play Community meetings Radio programs designed for them Float Parade Accountability Forums Session on Forms of Disability and Communication Strategies Day Three District; Kenema Forms of Disability Visually disable (blind) Physically disable War wounded Deaf and Dumb Communication Tools Radio and TV Outreach meetings Float Parade Brail (IEC materials)

26. 26 Annex Three : Copies of Flipcharts from all discussions Learning and Sharing Meeting - Bo District Date: 17 – 18 April 2018 Session Two: SUSTAINABILITY PLAN Day One ACC – Kenema Float Parades: Make it more community involved by using their traditional systems. Major streets, market squares, traditional masquerades are pivotal in the Float Parade Videos and Photos are also used in this process The use of Artists and Comedians gives momentum to the float NMJD – Kenema Project Integration at organizational level Include PNB Program into already existing Projects and structures at Chiefdom level e.g. WELD ACC - Freetown Use of local languages in Communicating PNB messages Memorandum of Understanding with Radio Stations to access their facilities CGG – Freetown Financial Aspect People’s wil lingness Swift Response from MDAs MADAM – Bombali Mainstreaming of PNB messages into two of our broad programmes (Agriculture and Community Livelihoods Program and the Youth Education and Enterprise Development Program) PNB is already integrated into our s trategic plan Integrate our work with partners and networks MADAM is part of Upscaling PNB beyond our program areas through our paid staff MADAM – Challenges Monitoring is a possible challenge Funding gap No clarity of responsibility Integrating some of PNB activities into ACC work Sustainability of ACC & CSO relationship MADAM – Strengths MOU with ACC MOU to define specific roles ACC – Bombali Technical working group meeting and Accountability Forum Provide a platform for constant engagement with CSO’s and MDAs and ensure Public Participation ACC – Bombali – Challenges Funding Staff transfer MDAs commitments to the process NMJD – Kono Policy effectiveness to ensure sustainability – extensive consultation to ensure sustainability Action Towards Sustai nability – NMJD – Kono

28. 28 Addressing the Challenges ACC to factor in their annual budget funds for Technical Working Group, Accountability Forum and Joint Meetings that involves CSOs/MDAs Constant engagement with MDAs and evoking compliance sanctions Signing a working relationship MOU between ACC/CSO at the district level on PNB Utilizing existing MOUs with media in sensitizing the public on PNB after December 2018 Session Three: SUSTAINABILITY PRIORITIES Group Four: KONO Day One Priority Areas: Mainstreaming PNB initiatives into IMCs in MDAs Integrating PNB into Non - Funded Station owned Radio Programs. Examples: Early Morning Coffee, AM Live and Morning Call Radio Programs. Capacitate School Integrity Clubs Encourage CSOs to establish PNB as thematic pillars Acknowledge Intuitions promoting PNB Initiatives during Anti - Corruption Commemoration Day Use of local languages in sharing PNB messages to capture a wider aud ience Partnering with local governance NGOs to share PNB messages Addressing the Challenges: Challenges: 1. MDAs sending the responses/actions 2. Radio Stations hearing PNB messages free of charge Strategies to Address them 1. Frequent engagement with MDAs and IMCs to prioritize the PNB reports and send the responses and action in time. 2. Sign MOU with MDAs and Radio Stations 3. Institute punitive measures against IMCs/MDAs that default Session Three: SUSTAINABILITY PRIORITIES Group One: Kenema Day One Priority Areas: Accountability Forum Meeting:  More Stakeholders  Rotate meetings Technical Working Group Meetings  IMCs to exist as structures Outreach Engagement  Incorporate SABI and SEND Projects into PNB Programme  Revive Media Alliance against Corrup tion  Current affairs radio program PNB to be a default  Utilize local social entertainment structures Program integration WIP, SABI etc. Addressing Challenges: Funding – Continue to identify and implement activities that are not capital intensive but impac t oriented. Examples: social enterprise and structures for sensitization MDA/Stakeholder Committee – Continue lobbying, establishing and strengthening structures Publicizing the impacts and achievements of PNB More partnership opportunities Radio Programm es:  Tap into the airtime of CSOs & ACC  Current affairs programme and special ACC programmes

31. 31 Motor Drivers Union Bike/Tricycle Riders Union FTC Western Rural District Council Community Bas ed Organizations Target Groups for the Next Two Weeks Religious Authorities Market Women Session Seven: Partners for Sustainability Day One District: Kono Who to Work With? Targeted MDAs and IMCs Chiefdom/Community Network Structures/Traditional Authorities and Beneficiaries Inter - religious Council Local Radio Stations and outside the District District and City Councils Pressure Groups. Examples, Bike Riders, Drivers Union and Student Union Two Key Actions to begin to engage New Partners Next Week Request to hold inception PNB meetings with new partners (Partners in Health and Education Situation Room). Joint Radio Discussions with new partners to raise awareness on the PNB targeting the Education Sector and the Free Health Care. Session Seven: Par tners for Sustainability Day One District: Kenema Engaging New Partners City and District Councils Print and Electronic Media(Press) MDAs (both the piloted and key service delivery MDAs) Like - Minded CSOs, NGOs etc Faith Based Institutions and Leaders Soci al and entertainment stakeholders. Example; artist, comedians Schools/Learning Institution Unions (BRU, Drivers Union, Traders etc) Working with CSOs and NGOs  Attend weekly CSO/NGO meeting and use the forum to identify like – minded partners  Organize Partnership meeting  Draft an MOU/Action Plan Working with the Media  Organize partnership meeting through SLAJ  Entreat members of the media on the PNB Process and its impact  Draft work plan to revive media alliance against corruption Session Seven: Partners for Sustainability Day One District: Bo New Partners: RADA/SABI Restless Development

2. 2 Table of Contents Table of Figures ................................ ................................ ................................ .............................. 3 Introduction ................................ ................................ ................................ ..................... 4 Purpose and Outp uts ................................ ................................ ................................ ............... 4 Participants ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................. 4 Prior to the Meeting ................................ ................................ ................................ ................ 5 Day One: Reflecting on Sustainability ................................ ................................ ............... 6 Day One, Session Two: Pre - prepared Sustainability Actions ................................ ...................... 6 CSO and ACC presentations of PNB Sustainability Actions ................................ ............................ 6 Learning points: ................................ ................................ ................................ .............................. 7 Day One, Sessions Three, Four and Five: beginning District Sustainability Plans ......................... 7 Key Themes: District Sustainability Plans ................................ ................................ ....................... 7 Day One, Sessions Six, Seven and Eight: partners for sustainability ................................ ............ 8 Key Themes: Partners ................................ ................................ ................................ ..................... 8 Day One, Sessions Nine, Ten and Eleven: building the MDAs ................................ ..................... 8 Key themes: MDA engagement: ................................ ................................ ................................ .... 9 Day Two: Implementing Sustainability ................................ ................................ ............ 10 Day Two: Session Twelve: Recap of the previous day ................................ .............................. 10 Key Actions presented ................................ ................................ ................................ .................. 10 Day Two: Sessions Thirteen and Fourteen: improving the integrity of data collection .............. 11 Points on integrity of data collection: ................................ ................................ .......................... 11 Animator Feedback on data ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 11 Day Two: Sessions Fifteen: strengthening communications and the media .............................. 12 Session Sixteen: training for journali sts ................................ ................................ .................. 13 Session Seventeen: addressing communications and data needs ................................ ............. 13 Session Eighteen: extending beyond the district, Hub and Spoke activities .............................. 13 Hub and Spoke succes ses and challenges ................................ ................................ .................... 14 Session Nineteen: updating the plans to include Hub and Spoke activities ............................... 14 Sessions Twenty and Twenty - One: the challenges and how to address ................................ .... 14 Day Two, Session Twenty - Two: looking at the plans ................................ ................................ 15 Day Two, Session Twenty - Three: What Happens Next ................................ ............................. 15 Actions for week beginning 23 rd April ................................ ................................ .......................... 15 Bo District ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ............... 15 Kenema District ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 15 Kono District ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........... 15 Bombali District ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 15 Western Area ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 15 Day Two, Session 24: finalising the plans ................................ ................................ ................ 16 Conclusions of the Meeting and Implementation of the Plans ................................ ................. 16 Day Three: Further Issues ................................ ................................ ............................... 16 Day Three, Session One: mini perceptions surveys ................................ ................................ .. 16 Day Three, Session Two: improving access for Persons with Disabilities ................................ ... 17 Day Three, Session Three: introduction to the Judiciary on Kobo Tools ................................ .... 18 Day Three, Session Four: piloting tablets for public use ................................ ........................... 18 Annex One: PNB Learning and Sharing meeting, April 2018 ................................ ............. 19 List of Participants: 17 th , 18 th and 19 th April ................................ ................................ ................. 20 Annex Two: PNB Partners’ views of the Sharing and Learning Meeting ............................ 25 April 2018 ................................ ................................ ................................ .............................. 25

29. 29 Monitoring:  ACC to incorporate monitoring of PNB into activities of the compliance unit Session Three: SUSTAINABILITY PRIORITIES Group Two: Bo Day One Priority Areas: Public Education  Hub & Spoke  CSO/ACC Community Outreaches  Joint Radio Programs Complaints/Resolution and Follow - Ups  Technical Working Group  Joint Monitoring of MDAs on actions taken on Reports from Portal Reports Facilitation  Signing of MOU between ACC & CSO Addressing the Challenges Challenges: Funding Gap Commitment of IMCs to comply Ineffectiveness of the 515 Sustain ACC/CSO Relationship Inadequate/Weak Information flow between ACC & CSOs Non - Compliance on display of Service Charters by MDAs Solutions: ACC to prioritize & maintain PNB in its annual workplan and budget in collaboration with CSOs Sign MOU with CSOs on roles and responsibilities on post PNB implementation Session Three: SUSTAINABILITY PRIORITIES Group Five: Western Area Day One Priority Areas: Popularizing and deepening Public/Citizens Awareness or the 515 - free phone line Using Inter - Religious Council to communicate positive MDA Actions on their Jamaat Strengthening the Technical Working Groups to promptly r espond/provide feedback to report from the PNB Platform To involve Sanctions on non - compliant MDAs Integration of PNB into the activities of CSOs and ACC Partners Addressing the Challenges Signing of MOUs with CSOs, the Media and other Partners Constant e ngagement IMCs and Technical Working Group and Partners Invoking Sanctions from non - compliance by MDA’s Leveraging on Funding Opportunities from bilateral and multilateral agencies Embark and intensifies non - funded programs or actions Making the PNB be at the centre of development program of the NEW DIRECTORS _____________________________________________________________________________________ Session Four: Group Work PLENARY Rotating PNB Meeting is very key and other Districts should replic ate Are we going to sustain the PNB Call Center? – Question Are we going to have a new reporting format after project duration? Question We should have a baseline regarding how we respond to report – Suggestion

7. 7 Figure 2 : Sustainability challenges high lighted by PNB partners CSOs ACC + CSOs ACC Funding for CSOs/ACC from DFID, Coffey, ACC X X X X X X MDA commitment/ cooperation X X MDA communication of reports between HQ and District offices X Buy in to PNB campaign by MDA junior staffs X Staff transfers X Weak - functioning IMCs in most MDAs X X Effective sanctions, investigations X Attendance at Accountability Fora X Buy - in to PNB campaign by citizens/communities X Community expectations (refreshment, money etc) X PNB Partner activities MDA activities PNB/MDA shared activities Le arning points:  Learning Point : PNB messaging need not stop automatically in 2019. In some cases, PNB m essages are completely compatible with the objectives of other projects and programmes and can be included .  Learning Point: integration of some PNB activities into other relevant projects and programmes may be possible.  Learning Point: existing ACC budgets may be able to include some PNB - funded activities in future. After discussion, participants met in their 5 district groups to begin the process of developing the PNB District Sustainability Plans for each district by identifying their priorities for action and agreeing how they would address the challenges . Day One, Sessions Thre e , Four and F ive : beginning District Sustainability Plans The purpose of Session Three (group work by district on what teams could start doing or be doing more of) was to begin the process of district level prioritisation and sustainability planning. The purpose of Session Four (presentation of district sustainability plan outlines in plenary) was to stimulate discussion between districts on ways forward. The purpose of Session Five (working by district on the sustainability plans) was to add to plan outl ines based on ideas and discussion from plenary. After discussion, District groups shared their outline ideas in plenary about what each district plan would look like. After feedback and suggestions, District groups worked further on their plans and bega n to complete the template with which they had been provided. Key Themes: District Sustainability Plans Key themes to emerge from this first stage of district sustainability planning reflected the pre - preparation exercises and were the following: 2  A cting to strengthen MDA involvement and commitment: i deas included working with IMCs, signing MoUs with MDAs and invoking sanctions in cases of MDA non - compliance. 2 All flipchart reports are in Annex 3; District Sustainability Plans have been circulated as a separate file

27. 27 Continuous dialogue with MDAs/IMCs and duty bearers Follow – up on action points of MDAs to ensure sustainability, PNB does a follow up on MDAs actions and feedback Integration NMJD – Kono – Challenges Unwillingness of MDAs Lack of political will of govt to support policy implementation Inaccessibility ACC – Kono Integrating PNB activities into programs of NGOs that deal with government issues. ACC Kono for the past six months has integrated the PNB Initiative into station o wned radio program organized for MDAs/NGOs. CARL – Bo Horizontal and vertical impact on the MDAs & Personnel – strengthening internal measures Several meetings with Sierra Leone Police where the Local Unit Commander was involved and committed themselves to the PNB Community ownership of the Project Strong relationship between ACC&CSOs Increased confidence of communities in PNB as ACC taken a corporate role Enhanced cooperation between ACC and CSOs on PNB ACC – Bo Technical Working Group – so far has been fruitful Constant Engagement with CSO’s Monthly meeting with Technical Working Group PLENARY DISCUSSIONS (Questions/Clarifications/Suggestions) How will integration process move beyond December 2018 – Patrick Sandi Teacher Coordinators and Heads of Integrity Clubs participating in Technical Working Group Meetings – Suggestion There is structure in all Chiefdoms on Pay No Bribe in Kono – we are not worried about funds as PNB is already a sustainable program – Clarification from ACC Kono Take time to c onsider the formation of IMC – Suggestion Mainstream PNB into the activities of ACC (Accountability Forum and Technical Working Group) – Suggestion Collaborate with existing CSOs – Suggestion Session Three: SUSTAINABILITY PRIORITIES Group Three: BOMBALI Day One Priority Area: Public Education Joint engagement with CSOs/MDAs and ACC on the PNB operations. Example: Community Meetings, Radio Programmes, PNB Assembly Messages. Joint facility and on the spot monitoring with ACC/CSOs/MDAs Direct involvement of District Council on the PNB To establish more IMCs and strengthen existing IMCs MDAs at district level to mainstream PNB activities into their annual operational plans What can we continue to do after December 2018? To continue building monthly Technical Working Group meetings To hold quarterly accountability forum meetings Continue joint outreach/customize meetings

30. 30 All reporting system should be recorded – AC C 515 Call Center will continue – Response from Patrick Sandi ACC When do IMCs make reports? Channel through IMCs filter their reports? Reports should come from regional IMCs and then to HQ IMCs – Response We need an integrated reporting platform – Respo nse Recruitment and disbursement is an issue with IMC – Response It’s important for actions to be taken at regional level – Response MDAs are a bit jittery to take actions from PNB Complaint reports Continue encouraging IMCs to take actions from reports We need to create a database for all IMCs _____________________________________________________________________________________ Session Seven: Group Report on Sustainability Partners Day One District: Bombali How to Strengthen Relationship with Existing Partners and How to Create New Relationship with Partners: Local Council Inter - religious Council CSOs working on governance issues The electronic media/print media Traditional Authorities, Bike riders, Traders and Student How to Strengthen Partners: Con tinue engagement with these sectors Open Channel of Communication Shared roles and responsibilities Mutual trust and respect Consultation with partners Involvement of partners on key activities Develop an MOU with key partners How to Create New Partner ship Participating with other partner during partnership meeting Identification of Partners and Responsibility (Similar goals and objective). Key Actions to Engage New Partners Partnership Mapping Partners Inception Meeting Roles of Partners Mainstream PNB into their daily activities Popularization of PNB messages during their summon in various religious houses Encourage media houses to promote PNB messages and activities Session Seven: Group Report on Partners for Sustainability Day One Dist rict: Western Area Partners for Sustainability: MDAs Religious Authorities Traditional Authorities The Media CSOs Persons with Disability (PWDs) Market Women

6. 6 Day One : Reflecting on Sustainability The ai m of the day ’s activities was to focus on actions to strengthen sustainability and begin the process of developing a district sustainability plan for each district . Day One, Session Two : Pre - prepared Sustainability Actions The p urpose of this session was to share think ing to date and stimulate further ideas around what partners can do to promote sustainability. All of the pre - prepared activities were presented to the group and Coffey also presented an analysis of all actions . CSO and ACC presentations of PNB Sustainabil ity Actions Key Points  P resentations highlighted the importance of institutionalising meetings that should continue in 2019 (e.g. Technical Working Groups, Accountability Fora ).  S everal organisations stated that they could integrat e PNB messages into existing and/or future programmes , e.g. us ing the free 515 number to report a bribe.  Closer work with the MDAs was also emphasised , along with much closer coordination with radio stations, to make use of ‘free’ airtime. 1  Strengthening M DA internal communications was also mentioned Figure 1 : Overall analysis of sustainability a ctions CSOs CSO+ACC ACC Incorporation of PNB messages into regular activities and meetings of CSOs and ACC X X X MoUs with new partners and/or with existing CSOs at end of PNB (SEND, RADA, SABI) X X Joint CSO/ACC regular partnership meetings X X Accountability Forums to become institutionalised X X X TWGs to become institutionalised and robust X XX Follow up on actions, reports X Information sharing between partners X Coordinated Hub and spoke ACC/CSO (maybe SABI partners too?) X Inclusion of IMC members in PNB activities X Work with existing MDA committees X Facilitation/strengthening of MDA engagement X X X Strengthen existing MDA/CSO/ACC relationships X Engage radio stations to use ‘free’ air time X Employ artists/drama, comedians X Seek funding through ACC/DFID/Coffey X X PNB Partner activities MDA activities PNB/MDA shared activities  Most participants stated that lack of funding beyond the end of December 2018 was a major c hallenge . Solutions discussed included working with the ACC to identify f unds that could be used to support small activities, and exploring other sources of funds, such as the EU or DFID.  Integrating PNB messages into existing projects and programmes with PNB partners and other organisations was also highlighted as an important action to promote sustainability action.  Establishing strong relationships between CSOs a nd ACC regional teams to broaden ACC’s coverage within the communities by taking advantage of CSO pre - existing networks .  Involving District authorities in PNB up to December 2018 and beyond 1 i.e. airtime that is not paid from the PNB budget

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